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3rd December 2016

5:30pm: Read: Poetic Diction, by Owen Barfield (2016-61)
This is quite a difficult book for me to review, because I'm not really sure what to make of it. I suspect it will take at least one more reading before it really sinks in.

Actually, it is quite possible that Barfield himself wrote an excellent review, as part of is Preface to the book's second edition (1951 - the original being from 1928):
...[T]his book grew out of two empirical observations, first, that poetry reacts on the meanings of the words that it employs, and, secondly, that there appear to be two sorts of poetry... Thus, it claims to present, not merely a theory of poetic diction, but a theory of poetry: and not merely a theory of poetry, but a theory of knowledge.

Yes indeed, Barfield attempts all that, nor am I ambitious enough to summarize the theory of poetry that he takes 225 pages to unfold. I can, however, mention some of its salient features.

First, that he distinguishes between poetry and verse. Poetry, for Barfield, is a quality of language: poetic diction, as opposed to prosaic diction, either of which may appear in verse or prose form.

Poetic language, poetry, he suggests, is language that creates new meaning for (at least some of) the words it uses.
When words are selected and arranged in such a way that their meaning either arouses, or is obviously intended to arouse, aesthetic imagination, the result may be described as poetic diction... Meaning includes the whole content of a word, or of a group of words arranged in a particular order, other than the actual sounds of which they are composed.
Indeed, Barfield eschews discussion of things like rhyme, alliteration, and so on, except passim in service of other birds he is hunting.

A great deal of the book is given over to a proposed revision of the commonly-held theories (as of 1928) of how language arises, and of how words "create" meaning in the mind of the reader/writer/speaker/hearer. He does not explicitly rejects, but thoroughly criticizes, the philological assumption that all modern languages are grown from simple linguistic "roots," suggesting that out grancestors actually had much more capacity for abstraction in language than we give them credit for - and, at the same time, much more capacity for concrete specificity.

He suggests that words that seemed to have two meanings - such as the Latin verb "ruo," which is translated (depending on context) either as "rush" or "fall." It may be, he says, that to the Latin mind, there was a single meaning -- a single concept that has relationship to both, but is not either of, the modern concepts "rush" and "fall." He traces one of the word's English descendants, ruin, through a series of meaning-concepts it has represented over the centuries.

I can't really grok his conclusions very well; as I said, I shall have to reread this book at some point. But it has something to do with the idea that poetic language occurs precisely when the speaker/writer says/writes something that the hearer/reader finds "strange" -- for a variety of meanings of "strange," which however basically come to "the hearer/reader is given a new way of seeing something."

30th November 2016

7:48am: Seen: Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them (2016)
So I went in with hopes but very little in the way of expectations. Rather to my surprise, I quite liked it.

The plot is a mess, but a happy one; two stories which seem to have very little to do with each other clash.

In the seeming main story, British wizard Newt Scamander (Eddie Redmayne) comes to New York on a mysterious errand. His one suitcase contains a pocket universe filled with magical creatures. Naturally, it gets switched with the seemingly-identical case of one Jacob Kowalski (Dan Fogler), a "No-Maj" - or Muggle - who works in a candy factory, and wants to open his own bakery. After hijinks in a bank, Kowalksi walks off with the magical suitcase, while Newt walks off with Tina Goldstein (Katherine Waterston), an ex-Auror demoted to the wand registration office, who arrests him for not obliviating Kowalski (who has seen Things He Should Not).

Three Fantastic Beasts get out of Newt's case, and the apparent foreplot - which is over about halfway through the movie - is about his, and Kowalski's, attempts to capture them, with lots of physical comedy. Along the way, Tina's sister Queenie (Alison Sudol) is quite taken with Mr. Kowalski.

Meanwhile, one Mary Lou Barebone (Samantha Morton) is preaching in the streets of New York about the evils of witches who Walk Among Us. Her adopted children, including Modesty (Faith Wood-Blagrove), Chastity (Jenn Murray), and Credence (Ezra Miller), distribute her leaflets. She is a cruel "mother" and punishes them regularly, especially Credence.

While she seems at first a nutcase, it turns out that there are things praying on No-Majjes in New York. Mr Graves (Colin Farrell), the head Auror or something, sends Aurors out to destroy whatever-it-is...but he has mysterious connections with Credence Barebone, and seeks someone called "The Child."

Well, it all ties together -- naturally -- and before all is done Newt encounters the President of America's Magical Congress (Carmen Ejogo) and the villainous Grindelwald (the inevitable Johnny Depp).

Production deisgners Stuart Craig and James Hambidge have done a lovely job of giving the movie a look and feel appropriate to the time and place (New York of the 1920s or 30s). There is a nice contrast between a slightly washed-out look to the Muggle/No-Maj world and a very colorful magical world, especially inside Newt's suitcase.

The acting ranges from good to excellent. The standout actors in this production are Fogler and Sudol, who carry an entertaining subplot on their very capable shoulders. Redmayne is, for some reason, made up to look like Matt Smith as the Doctor, which I found distracting at times, but handles his role with some real passion. Colin Farrell is a delight. And Johnny Depp is, fortunately, used minimally, and playing Grindelwald quite straight.

I must give Rowling credit. After the mess that was Harry Potter and the Cursed Child, I had very little expectation of her ability to create a worthwhile new story in the Potterverse. Perhaps because she wrote it herself, unlike Child, Beasts does hold together as a story (or two stories). There might be hope for this trilogy.

25th November 2016

8:58pm: Read: The Long Cosmos, by Terry Pratchett and Stephen Baxter (2016-60)
This is the climax of the "Long Earth" series conceived of by Pratchett, revived in a dinner conversation with Baxter, and collaborated on by the two of them. The opening conceit of the series is that there are an, apparently, infinite number of Earths which can be reached by "stepping," and humans evolved only on this one, the Datum Earth. So if you stepped in either direction ("East" and "West"), you would find, at first, primeval forest. Things got weirder the farther you got from the Datum.

(Iron is the only element that cannot cross between Earths. Pratchett and Baxter never explain how human hemoglobin isn't destroyed the first time a human "steps"...)

Things also got weirder as the series went along. Previous volumes have introduced a wide cast of characters, most of whom appear in _Cosmos_. _The Long Earth_ introduced the original "stepping box," powered by a potato. In _The Long War_, trade by airships capable of stepping becomes commonplace, and human colonies begin to declare their independence from the Datum. _The Long Mars_ introduced a second string of worlds, independent of the Long Earth; and also introduced the Next, our successors. And _The Long Utopia_ is mostly about the relationships between the Next and the "Dimbulbs," plus bonus! dangerous alien machines.

_Cosmos_ begins with the nearly-universal receipt of a message from space: JOIN US. The superintelligent Next begin working on decoding the technical content of the message, while humans, trolls, and beagles (a race of humanoid, intelligent dogs from millions of Earths out) are caught up in the debate over whether it's even good to answer the message, particularly in light of what happened in _Utopia_.

Meanwhile, the series' main characters, Joshua and Nelson, both find themselves unexpectedly grandfathers - Nelson in a mysterious communication from the AI Lobsang, and Joshua when his estranged son Rod comes to rescue him from a distant Earth where he has been gravely wounded. Before all is wrapped up, something comes to be known of the nature and purpose of the Long Earth, and humans travel to the stars.

It's all good fun, and if it isn't as full of ha-ha as Pratchett's solo books (or his collaboration with Neil Gaiman, _Good Omens_...), it's lighter than most of Baxter's solo work. I'm delighted to say that the series maintains its quality throughout, and ends on a high note.

24th November 2016

7:23pm: Seen: Doctor Strange (2016)
I am not the first, I am sure, to call this the best Marvel CU movie since the first _Avengers_ -- though I've missed a couple along the way, so for all I know _Deadpool_ may be better, though I kind of doubt it.

Dr. Stephen Strange (Bandersnatch Cummerbund) is one of the world's leading neurosurgeons. An auto accident, caused by his own carelessness, costs him the use of his hands. Well, not entirely, but they are shaky and weak and quite incapable of operating on patients; and a series of surgeries fails to restore them. In desperation, he seeks out a former patient who sends him in search of Kamar-Taj, a secret place in Kathmandu.

Here he meets Mordo (Chiwetel Ejiofor), who guides him to Kamar-Taj, and becomes his champion with the Ancient One (Tilda Swinton), who is the Sorcerer Supreme. The Ancient One rejects him at first, but eventually takes him on as a student sorcerer. His mind rejects sorcery at first; but he is led to become a promising student. He also meets Wong (Benedict Wong), an ass-kicking librarian.

In the meanwhile... The Ancient One's former protege, Kaecilius (Mads Mikkelsen), and his followers, are attacking the Sanctums that protect Earth from the Dark Dimension. (Yes, it sounds cheesy...) There are Sanctums in London, Hong Kong, and New York, and the London sanctum falls. Strange, having activated the artifact known as the Eye of Agamotto, finds himself unexpectedly defending the New York sanctum, and barely succeeds (and, even more barely, survives) due in large part to the Cloak of Levitation, the best bit of seemingly-sentient fabric since the carpet in Disney's _Aladdin_.

Well, of course things get worse, and the Ancient One dies without an heir, and Strange eventually faces the god-thing of the Dark Dimension, the dread Dormammu (motion capture of Brandywine Camelot). Naturally he wins, earning Dormammu's eternal enmity and all that, causing the defeat of Kaecilius along the way. And naturally the final and post-final scenes set up not one, not two, but _three_ forthcoming Marvel movies.

Breadfruit Cucumber is superb as Stephen Strange, playing him with a subdued quirkiness a little (but not exceedingly) remniscent of Robert Downey's Tony Stark. His biggest enemy in this film is not Dormammu or Kaecilius, but his own ego, and he plays to that very well.

Then there's the special effects. They are so over the top that they come back again the other side and produce a very pleasant experience - except that, as in most action/adventure films that use heavy sfx these days, things go so fast and are so flashcutty that, at times, it's difficult to follow the action, though the general gist always gets across.

So. I enjoyed it and will, no doubt, happily pony up my (by then) $15 for the sequel. Good times.

19th November 2016

9:20am: Read: Shadow of Victory, by David Weber (2016-59)
In this, the twentieth book of the main sequence of what was originally the "Honor Harrington" series and is not referred to as the "Honorverse" series, Honor Harrington first shows up about two-thirds of the way through, in one of two token and gratuitous appearances whose removal would not affect the plot in any way; basically, Honor, Queen Elizabeth of Manticore, and others comment, godlike, on the action but don't actually do anything.

In a series which started out space-operatic, there is exactly one space battle. Most of the book's 750 dense pages are given over to political intrigue.

And about the first half of the book takes place before events that have already happened in previous books. This is, as such, okay in a _milieu_ where it takes months for news of events in one place to reach others. What's more problematic, though, is that it rehashes events that took place in those books, admittedly (mostly) from other points-of-view.

The Mesan Alignment sets out to damage the image of Manticore (where our heroes come from) by sending agents to foment rebellions among the Solarian "Verge" planets, making promises that Manticore will provide agents and naval support. Some weapons will show up, giving confidence that the naval support will also - but of course it won't. Not only will this damage the reputation of Manticore among these border planets, it will also hack off the powerful Solarians even more than they already are.

Meanwhile, the Alignment is carrying out "Houdini," their plan to disappear key members of "the onion" (their colorful, if smelly, image for the layers of security around their Real Plan, which has not yet been revealed to us). The way in which this is carried out is clearly intended to impress us with the ruthless fanaticism of the Alignment.

Aaaaand certain elements in the Solarian League continue to take baby steps toward realizing how badly they've been played.

All this takes us through dozens, possibly a hundred or more, viewpoint characters, and hundreds more who aren't. The reader may be excused for being occasionally confused - I certainly was! - and a reader new to the series will probably be utterly lost.

None of which is to say that I didn't enjoy the book. I did; but found it frustrating in a number of ways, and I hope Weber can pull himself out of the rabbithole he's created for himself over the next few books.

13th November 2016

4:37pm: Read: Crawlers, by Ray Garton (2016-58)
The first thing that came to mind when reading _Crawlers_ was, "This is like _Little Shop of Horrors_ -- only much, much darker and nastier."

It isn't, after all. Oh, it's much darker and nastier than _LSoH_; it just isn't much *like* it.

Mt. Crag is a small community, apparently in a mountain range, not too far from Iron City. Take from that what geography you will. One night, after a meteor shower, the good (and not so good - but mostly decent people) citizens of Mt. Crag awaken to find strange flowers growing all over the place. As horror readers, we know that this is Not Good and that the *last* thing the good citizens of Mt. Crag should do is take these flowers into their homes and places of business, which, of course, they do. Soon the flowers are doing very nasty things: much more would be spoliation of what is, after all, a not-very-long story.

Garton writes well, without fuss, and shares with writers like Stephen King the ability to create largish numbers of distinct, believable, and _likeable_ people in a believable community. Nobody in Mt. Crag seems to deserve what happens to their town; they struggle to understand it, but never succeed, and -- well, it's bleak is what it is. We, as readers, end up understanding far more than they do, or can. And we come to care about some of these characters - quite quickly in some cases - and hurt when they are hurt. Or die.

All I will say about the ending is that, in a week where I was already depressed, it didn't help: but then, that's not what I want from horror.

If you want a good horror story, here it is.

1st November 2016

5:01pm: Read: Words Are My Matter, by Ursula K. Le Guin (2016-57)
I have never met a book by Le Guin that I didn't enjoy - no, not even the seemingly-much-disliked _Malafrena_ - and this isn't one either. Le Guin's nonfiction has been special to me since the essay "From Elfland to Poughkeepsie," which was read aloud to raucous laughter at a Mythopoeic meeting, and pre-destroyed that month's fated, or rather _doomed_, book.

This particular collection of nonfiction, almost all from the actual if not the nominal 21st Century, is divided into three almost-thirds and a final bit.

The first almost-third consists of "Talks, Essays, and Occasional Pieces," on topics ranging from a (most gracious) response to essays on one of her books to her young life in a house designed by Bernard Maybeck, from the disappearing of women writers to animals in fiction, and culminating quite satisfactorily with the now-somewhat-famous short speech Le Guin gave in accepting the National Book Foundation Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters, itself a huge contribution to American letters. These pieces simply sparkle with Le Guin's wit and humanity.

The second almost-third consists of "Book Introductions and Notes on Writers." Not surprisingly, Le Guin appears to have been asked on more than a few occasions to books. It also isn't surprising that most of the books sh'e asked to introduce are sf/f in nature. Here she writes generously of Dick and MacDonald, Wells and the Strugatsky brothers, and several others, including Boris Pasternak and Western writer H.L. Davis. For the books I'd read - most of them - they provided me with new insights; most of the others I now _want_ to read.

The last almost-third consists of "Book Reviews." This was the part of the book I anticipated most and enjoyed least, probably because most of them are very short, three to four pages, and just tease my attention before they're over. This was true of _some_ of the pieces in the earlier sections; but there it was varied with longer and even shorter pieces; here it creates a kind of repetitive rhythm that becomes, for me, a bit tiresome. But again I come away with several additions to my To-Read list, so that's all good.

Finally the "and a final bit" is the exception to the "almost all." In 1994, Le Guin spent a week at the Hedgebrook writer's colony, a place that gives women writers a quiet and peaceful environment in which to escape the quotidian and concentrate on their work. Here, she wrote (it says here) one of the novellas that form the story suite _Four Ways to Forgiveness_, and also a journal. The final bit is the journal. It is very rooted, says almost nothing about her process as a writer, and ties the book together into a whole in a way that I cannot explain, for I do not understand it, but it does.

If you love Le Guin's writing, you will love this book. If not, probably not. But you should at least read the prize speech ("Freedom"). It's very short and you can read it standing in the aisle at the library or bookstore, should you be so lucky as to still live near a bookstore. Or you can watch her deliver it here.

29th October 2016

8:48pm: Seen: The Rocky Horror Picture Show: Let's Do The Time Warp Again
This, like almost all Hollywood remakes, was completely unnecessary; and at the same time full of potential. The original RHPS was done on a microscopic $1.2M budget, and this had - well, many times that. It seems to have been spent mostly on sets; the SFX are still cheezy and cheap. As, perhaps, they should be.

Some of what is done right:

Many of the scenes/moments/routines are done with more, well, subtlety than the original - which is, let us be frank (oh, let's), about as subtle as a sledgehammer.

The whole thing is framed with an audience coming to a viewing of The Rocky Horror Picture Show. The audience is repeatedly shown doing and saying the things RHPS audiences do and say, so there's that little fan appreciation thing which I liked.

Like the original, it mostly features people I'd never heard of before, with four exceptions.

o Dr. Frank-n-Furter is played by Laverne Cox, best known for her role in Orange Is the New Black. It is, I suppose, curious and interesting having Frank played by a real life transsexual, but Cox lacks the same ambiguity Tim Curry lacked: where his Furter was unambiguously male, hers is unambiguously female, which takes away a bit of bite from the song "Sweet Transvestite."
o Eddie is played by Adam Lambert, a singer I respect more than I like. He does an excellent job, but the direction spoils his scene somewhat, and takes away Frank's concluding line.
o Dr. Scott (or should I say ... Doctor von Scott?) is played by Ben Vereen. He too does an excellent job, but it's a little hard taking him for the uncle of the extremely white Adam Lambert.
o And the Criminologist is played by Tim Curry. This is sad; Curry is confined to a wheelchair these days, and his delivery is slow and forced.

Of the other main characters, Columbia (Annaleigh Ashford), Magenta (Christina Milan), and Janet (Victoria Justice) are arguably better than than the originals. Riff Raff (Reeve Carney) lacks Richard O'Brien's amazing gawkiness and his sense of menace.

The one outstanding, unquestionably better-than-the-original actor, then, is Staz Nair, who plays Rocky with far more range than Peter Hinwood did; it was almost worth remaking the movie just for his performance.

But only almost.

The music is a muddled mess, with a few exceptions ("Science Fiction/Double Feature" and "I'm Coming Home" are the only ones that may top the originals). There was an opportunity to update it, and instead they went for a '50s feel that doesn't feel anything like the '50s.

Similarly, there was an opportunity to improve the direction, which, in the original, is merely adequate. In many places, directory Kenny Ortega chose to use a direct, shot by shot, homage/ripoff/copy of the original A more modern approach could have brought so much more to some of these scenes.

And the theatrical audience should have been used more or not at all.

And finally.

The original RHPS is, at this point, something of a guilty pleasure; it was (in its cheezy way) shocking in its day but tame now. The opportunity to bring back its shock value was there, even if it was FoxTV, and they took not one chance with it. And that is why it is not fit to stand with the original.
8:23pm: (re-)Read: 'Salem's Lot, by Stephen King (2016-56)
It's been decades since I last read this book, and I'm surprised by both how much I *do* remember and how much I *don't*. The general plot stayed with me, and a few characters; and a few key scenes are seared onto my memory - not by horror, but by sheer human agony.

I'll not play coy and pretend spoiling 'Salem's Lot is even possible at this point; if you care to read it, you already have.

Perhaps the thing that most stands out for me in the "not remembered" category is the sheer richness of the prose. Stephen King, at this point - and I'm not saying that he isn't now - was a careful craftsman and artist with words. Long and not-at-all-boring passages are spend on psychological and sociological analysis, sheer description, and such. And the book isn't padded at all, the way that some claim King's books to be; everything - and I mean everything - in it is necessary and contributive to the whole effect.

King introduces characters slowly, bringing in some fairly major characters fairly late in the narrative - and yet, somehow, this works. The pivotal character of Father Callahan doesn't really enter the plot till well over half the book is past, and yet he is perhaps the best developed character, with the most interesting and meaningful story arc.

For those who need reminding: he is a middle-aged Catholic priest, slumping into alcoholism, largely due to the banality of his life. He entered the priesthood wanting to fight Evil, and finds himself dealing instead with the dull and repetitive evils that make up so much of human life.

When the Fearless Vampire Hunters come to him, he is more than prepared to believe: he has seen the strange things happening, and he wants to finally fight Evil. And, armed with holy things, he works a minor miracle or two in the fight ... and then gets his comeuppance in a standoff with the head vampire, Barlow. Barlow holds the boy Mark Petrie; Callahan holds up his cross, and it glows brightly and forces Barlow to move back; but he still holds Mark. He offers Callahan a deal: if the vampire releases Mark, will the priest throw aside his cross? To prove his good faith, as it were, he releases Mark.

And Callahan's faith fails him. He does not put down the cross ... and its bright light fades, and Barlow, rather than drinking the Father's blood, forces the Father to drink his.

Returning to his church, he cannot enter. The doors fend him off with blue fire. He leaves the town on a midnight bus, obsessed with his uncleanness...

But hidden in there is Barlow's mocking comment: "If you had cast the cross away, you should have beaten me another night. In a way, I hoped it might be so. It has been long since I have met an opponent of any real worth."

There is a deep morality here that I find very satisfying. Yet so much of the book is about the power of evil, in both its capital-E vampiric form and its small-e banal, human form. There are plot elements which might be described unkindly as soap-operatic, or more honestly as slices of village life. And the main character of the book emerges not as the vampire, nor the Fearless Vampire Hunters, but the village itself, the Lot, which we see in a series of panoramic and close-up images of itself and its people, and if the Lot dies at the end, well, so do all good things in this world. Some see in 'Salem's Lot a condemnation of the people of a small New England town; it seems to me rather a love letter to those people and their towns. While they are flawed and often petty, there is not a real villain among them.

26th October 2016

7:56pm: Seen: Batman vs. Superman - Dawn of Justice (2016)
Sigh. With just a little bit more attention this could have been *such* a good movie.

I shall assume that anybody who actually cares about spoilers has already seen it, so be warned if you haven't and do.

OK: we start with the iconic scene of Thomas and Martha (Lauren Cohan) Wayne being killed by some punk thief, complete with the pearl necklace, in front of their small son Bruce (Brandon Spink).

Next we get a recap of the climactic battle from Man of Steel, from the point of view of an adult Bruce Wayne (Ben Affleck), who sees his building destroyed and, despite his evacuation order, many of his employees killed.

After this, I'm not clear on the sequence of events; it proceeds as a bunch of set pieces whose order doesn't matter very much.

There is a growing conflict between Batman and Superman (Henry Cavill): Batman believes that Superman is dangerous and out of control, while Supes believes that Bats is an outlaw vigilante. Things get worse as Bats gets grimmer, beginning to brand some of his victims captured criminals.

Meanwhile, young Lex Luthor (Jesse Eisenberg) has discovered a curious green meteor that destroys Kryptonian cells; but a Senator Finch (Holly Hunter) blocks his attempt to bring it into the country.

Well, and many people are concerned about the big red S, the strange being from another planet. Some see him as a kind of savior. Some protest him as a menace. The government wants to know that he will not go rogue. He accepts a request to appear in front of a Senate subcommittee (headed by Finch), and fails to notice the bomb that kills everyone in the room - except, of course, for himself.

In the meanwhile, Clark Kent is getting in trouble with Perry White (Laurence Fishburne), who wants him to cover football instead of obsessing about the Gotham vigilante.

Somewhere in here, Luthor gets access to the Kryptonian wreck from MoS, and manages to take control of its computer.

Clark and Bruce meet at a party honoring Luthor, where Bruce is attempting to raid LexCorp's files for a clue to the location of the Kryptonite. He meets a mysterious woman (Gal Godot) who also wants those files, for a picture that "belongs to me." When Bruce decrypts the files, he finds a photo of the mysterious woman -- as Wonder Woman, in WWI -- in a file about mysterious "metahumans," including the Flash and Aquaman.

Bruce steals the Kryptonite from LexCorp and builds Kryptonian-killing weapons, setting up the big badaboom of the title. Lex summons Supes -- by pushing Lois Lane (Amy Adams) off a building, one of many times she stars as the Woman In Peril in this film -- and explains that he has Martha Kent, at a location he does not know, but she will be killed if Supes does not bring him the head of the Bat in one hour.

Superman rushes off to Gotham, hoping to enlist Bruce to find his (Clark's) mom. They fight for a while and things get smashed up; then, just as Bruce is about to kill Clark with a Kryptonite spear, Clark croaks out "Save Martha!" which gets Bruce all angsty 'cause that's the name of his dead Mom, as we have been reminded several times during the course of the film. He listens and agrees to save Martha while Clark goes after Luthor.

Set piece of Bats saving Martha.

Luthor, realizing that his plan to make Superman look reeeeally bad has failed, releases the thing that he has been breeding in the Kryptonian ship - "Your doomsday," a Kryptonian rage monster with full Kryptonian powers, plus bonus! hurting it makes it stronger. Wonder Woman shows up to help, and the three core DC heroes fight Doomsday, while Lois goes after the Kryptonite spear Bruce has thrown away. After one more Lois In Peril sequence, Supes retrieves the spear and nearly dies doing it. But determined as he is, he takes it up and flies it into Doomsday's body - and gets stabbed through the heart (his invulnerability being, apparently, weakened by proximity to Kryptonite) by a spike D. grew when WW. cut off his arm. (Did I mention she's a pretty badass Wonder Woman?)

Cue funeral scenes, with no real explanation of how both Clark (in Smallville) and Superman (in, apparently, Arlington) can be buried simultaneously..

Cue Lex in jail, getting his hair cut off and panicking about a worse alien coming - "He's hungry and he's coming" kind of thing.

Cue Bruce telling Diana that he wants her help gathering the other metahumans to work together, because he has a feeling it will be needed.

The end.

So what went wrong?

First of all, I don't begrudge the mandatory Superman-Batman fight sequence, or the way it's resolved. That's the stuff of which comix are made. But dragging in the whole Doomsday/Death of Superman sequence damaged what could have been a beautifully themed movie, about the nature of the responsibility held by these characters for their actions and the things that happen around them.

Because, while both of them are trying to use their various abilities to Do Good, both are right to be suspicious of the other. Batman *is* a vigilante (he even admits that he's technically a criminal); Superman *is* a trouble magnet whose solutions tend to involve massive destruction. For them to have seen each other's points of view and worked out a mutual solution might have been a brilliant denouement to this film.

But, no. They didn't do that. They went for action-adventure and cheap melodrama, and, since we all know that the S will be back, the attempted pathos of the funerals comes off bathetic.

Except for Alfred (Jeremy Irons, who is magnificent in the role), Batman's supporting cast is completely absent, while Superman's is badly mishandled. Perry White is turned into a cynic about the entire newspaper business, who would rather have Clark play it safe than do some real investigative reporting. Lois is the Girl Hostage supreme.

Well, it is what it is, and we can only hope they get better from here. I was a big DC fan as a kid, and even as a grownup, but Marvel has done a much -- much! -- better job of adapting its characters to the big screen, while DC seems to insist on a hamfisted Grim'n'Gritty approach that was cool in the '80s but boring now.

Sigh.

25th October 2016

5:08pm: Seen: Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children (2006)
I don't have a lot to say about this one. It was fun, but not exceptional. It was clever and witty, but not laugh-out-loud funny. It was quirky and, yes, peculiar, but not overthetop weird.

If you don't know what it's about, go look it up. I'm tired.
4:41pm: Seen: Kubo and the Two Strings (2016)
This is why I go see movies. Go see it if you still can - it's still playing, here and there. I wanted, at the end, to rise and cheer, I felt so good about it and about the fact that something this wonderful can still make it through amongst the SPECTACULAR!!!S and remakes of remakes. It is, in fact, as close to a perfect movie as I have seen these many years.

The story begins in a storm. A young woman (Charlize Theron) is asea in a small boat, with a shamisen - three-stringed Japanese banjo sort of thing - during a storm. She slashes the strings of the instrument to ward off a great wave; when another comes, she washed up on a beach, along with her package - a still-breathing infant (who is however bleeding from the socket of one eye).

Flash forward several years.

A boy named Kubo (Art Parkinson), who is obviously that baby, wakes and feeds his near-comatose mother in the cave they live in. He takes his musical instrument and many squares of paper to town and tells a story, which he illustrates by magically animating the squares to form origami and act out the parts of the story. The story concerns a brave Samurai and an evil Moon King (Ralph Fiennes, eventually), but - as, it seems, always - he has to cut it off and run home before the sun sets. When he arises and night falls, his mother regains consciousness for a few hours and they are happy-ish together. We learn that Kubo must not, under any circumstances, be out under the moon; and that he must always carry with him a figurine of "Mister Monkey."

Of course, the very next day, during a festival for the loved dead, he does stay out after nightfall. Two masked and sorcerous Sisters come for his other eye, saying that they are his Aunties (Rooney Mara), and his mother shows up just in time to die saving him. Oh, and: she's their sister, too; they are the daughters of the Moon King.

Kubo wakes up in a wasteland, awakened by a Monkey who says she is (a) the figurine, (b) not a Mister at all, and (c) here to protect him. She leads him on a quest for the three pieces of a set of magickal armor which, together, might protect him from the Moon King: a sword, a helm, and a mail jacket. They are joined by a befuddled anthropomorphic Beetle (Matthew McConaughey) , who, apparently, was one of the samurai serving the story in Kubo's tales - his own father. They are attacked repeatedly by the Sisters, but stay on the trail of the armor until Much Is Revealed -- really, nothing surprising to a student of story, but so right that it doesn't matter that it doesn't surprise -- and Kubo alone must face his Grandfather.

The story alone is enough to make for a good movie.

The voice acting - Oh, didn't I mention it was animated? It is - pumps it up a notch. I see I haven't even mentioned George Takei or Brenda Vaccaro: they're in there too.

But what pushes it over the top - way, way over the top - of the heap is the look of the thing. It isn't just animated; it's stop-motion animated, amazingly, with very little CGI and that mostly for environmental enhancement. This is a film by Laika, who made ParaNorman and Coraline, and they don't settle for beautiful.

Put it all together and this is unquestionably the best film I have seen this year.

10th October 2016

8:15pm: Read: Death's End, by Cixin Liu (2016-55)
So this is the end of a trilogy, which means a certain amount of spoilerage for previous volumes is in order. I'll put them behind the clickythingy.

clickythingyCollapse )
Cixin Liu is the kind of writer who tosses off ideas in passing that other writers would make into entire series, and there are a lot of ideas tossed off in the course of this trilogy and especially its last volume.

If there's a theme to all this, it's an existential kind of theme: the Universe is a cold and heartless place, indifferent not only to Humanity but to life at all; life will always distrust and destroy life different from itself; and the only meaning to it all is what we make. It's not a cheering view - but it's a bracing one.

Recommended to fans of Clarke, Stapledon, Baxter, and the like.
10:08am: End of it
I had been planning on ending the almanacking soon anyway, when I had completed a year of it. I'm endingn it early because I fell yesterday. Gashed my left hand and sprained two fingers on the right. Typing is very painful. So, it's over.

8th October 2016

10:50am: Can you believe the year is 282 days old?
1645: Montréal, QU - Jeanne Mance opens the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal, the oldest established hospital (and first lay hospital) in North America.
1860: San Francisco-Los Angeles - A telegraph line between these two cities is opened.
1871: Four major fires break out on the shores of Lake Michigan, including the Great Chicago Fire, which will kill 300 people. It was is believed to have been caused by a knocked-over lantern, though there is no substantive evidence for this - and none at all for the "Mrs. O'Leary's Cow" story. It kills about 300 people; another of the fires, in Peshtigo, WI, however killed at least 1500 and possibly as many as 2500, and is the deadliest wildfire in recorded history.
1956: New York, NY - Yankee Don Larsen pitches a perfect game against the Brooklyn Dodgers at Yankee Stadium, the only perfect game ever played in a World Series.
1967: Bolivia - A CIA-backed force captures Che Guevara; two days later, they will execute him.
1974: Mineola, NY - Collapse of the Franklin National Bank, with Mafia involvement. This is the largest bank collapse in US history up to this point.
1982: Poland - Bans Solidarity and all labor unions. We all know how that turned out.
1982: New York, NY - Broadway premiere of Cats.
2001: Washington, DC - President George W. Bush announces the creation of the Department of Homeland Security.

1834: Walter Kittredge, songwriter ("Tenting Tonight").
1890: Eddie Rickenbacker, flying ace, race car driver, and head of Eastern Airlines.
1895: Zog I, King of the Albanians.
1895: Juan Perón, President of Argentina.
1907: Richard Sharpe Shaver, crank.
1910: Kirk Alyn, who was Superman, Blackhawk, and General Sam Lane.
1917: Walter Lord, historian (A Night to Remember, Day of Infamy).
1920: Frank Herbert, writer (Dune, The Dosadi Experiment).
1929: Betty Boothroyd, first and only woman Speaker of the British House of Commons.
1936: Rona Barrett, gossip columnist and philanthropist.
1939: Harvey Pekar, comix writer-illustrator (American Splendor).
1941: Jesse Jackson, minister without portfolio and activist.
1941: Shane Stevens, writer (Dead City, Anvil Chorus).
1943: R.L. Stine, writer ("Goosebumps" series).
1949: Sigourney Weaver, who was Ellen Ripley, Dana Barrett, Gwen "Tawny Madison" DeMarco, and The Director.
1959: Carlos I. Noriega, astronaut.

7th October 2016

6:24am: Poetry Day
3761 BC: Eden, presumably - Day Zero of the Hebrew calendar.
1571: Northern edge of the Gulf of Corinth - The "Battle of Lepanto," not very near Lepanto, takes place. Ships from the "Holy League" of Catholic maritime states - mainly Spain and Italy - meet and demolish an Ottoman fleet. This is often said to have ended the Turkish expansion, though they actually soon took Cyprus from Venice.
1691: London - King William and Queen Mary of England issue a new Charter for the Massachussetts Bay Colony, over the objections of Increase Mather, making it a Province. One of the effects of this was to change the test for the franchise from religious to financial; also, senior officials of the Provincial government would be appointed by the Crown rather than elected.
1763: London - King George III of England issues the "Royal Proclamation of 1763," which draws an end mark to white colonialization along the Allegheny Mountains, reserving the land beyond for aboriginal peoples.
1826: Quincy to Milton, MA - The Granite Railway, for the purposes of hauling granite from a quarry in Quincy to the Neponset River, opens. It is the first chartered railway in the US.
1919: Amsterdam, Netherlands - Eight Dutch businessmen found KLM (short for Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij, the "Royal Aviation Society"), the national airline of the Netherlands. It is the oldest commercial airline still running under its original name and charter.
1944: Oświęcim, Poland - Hundreds of Jewish Sonderkomanndos revolt. The revolt is thoroughly unsuccessful, killing three SS guards and 451 Jews, plus many who escaped and were executed on recapture. Crematorium IV was destroyed in the fighting.
1950: Calcutta, India - Saint Teresa of Calcutta establishes the Missionaries of Charity.
1955: San Francisco, CA - At the Six Gallery (a garage with a dirt floor), six poets read their work. One of these is Alan Ginsberg, who performs Howl for the first time, and receives a huge, tribal response to his shamanic performance (the audience is only about 125 people).
1958: Washington, DC and elsewhere: "Project Astronaut" changes its name to Project Mercury.
1959: Space - Soviet prove Luna 3 sends the photographs to Earth of the far side of the Moon.
1963: Washington, DC - President John Kennedy signs the "Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty," which forbids nuclear tests in the atmosphere, under water, or in outer space, leaving as Hobson's Choice the underground tests that follow.
1985: Off the coast of Egypt - Members of the Palestinian Liberation Front hijack the Italian ship Achille Lauro, killing one disabled Jewish passenger and throwing his body overboard. The Lauro appears to have been a singularly unfortunate ship; as well as the hijacking, it suffered, in its forty-five year career, two major collisions, and four onboard fires or explosions, the last of which destroyed her in 1994.
1998: Laramie, WY - The body of gay student Matthew Shepard is found beaten and tied to a fence.
2003: California - Governor Gray Davis is recalled and replaced by Arnold Schwarzenegger.

1576: John Marston, playwright (Eastward Ho [with George Chapman and Ben Jonson], Antonio and Mellida).
1849: James Whitcomb Riley, poet ("Little Orphant Annie", "The Raggedy Man").
1879: Joel Emmanuel "Joe Hill" Hägglund, labor activist.
1885: Niels Bohr, physicist.
1893: Alice Dalgliesh, editor (edited Robert Heinlein's juvenile series).
1897: Elijah Muhammed, not-exactly-but-sort-of founder of the Nation of Islam.
1900: Heinrich Himmler, builder of extermination camps.
1907: Helen MacInnes, writer (Assignment in Britanny).
1927: R.D. Laing, rogue psychiatrist and writer (Knots, The Divided Self).
1931: Desmond Tutu, archbishop.
1934: Amiri Baraka (a/k/a LeRoi Jones), poet and playwright.
1935: Thomas Keneally, writer (Schindler's Ark, Blood Red, Sister Rose).
1943: Oliver North, colonel and shredder.
1955: Yo-Yo Ma, cellist.
1964: Dan Savage, columist, founder of "It Gets Better."

6th October 2016

6:24am: October 6
Day 3 of National Space Week...

1600: Florence, Italy - Premiere of Euridice. Created for the wedding of Henry IV of France to Maria de Medici, it is the earliest surviving opera. Music by Jacopo Peri, with additional music by Giulio Caccini, and libretto by Ottavio Rinuccini; it weirdly gives a happy ending with Eurydice actually reaching the upper world.
1683: Modern-day Philadelphia, PA - Thirteen German Quaker and Mennonite from Krefeld found "the bailiff, burgesses, and commonality of Germantown," as their charter from William Penn calls it. Germantown is the birthplace of the American anti-slave movement. It was consolidated into Philadelphia in 1854.
1723: Philadelphia - Arrival of the 17-year-old Benjamin Franklin.
1876: Philadelphia - Founding of the American Library Association.
1927: New York - Premiere of The Jazz Singer, which, while it did usher in the age of the talking movie, was not the first talkie. The premiere date was deliberately set for Yom Kippur.
1973: Middle East - Egypt and Syria launch a coordinated attack on Israel, beginning the Yom Kippur War.
1976: Barbados - A Cubana flight crashes into the ocean after two bombs, planted by terrorists connected to the CIA, explode, killing all aboard.
1976: Beijing, China - The new Premier, Hua Guofeng, orders the arrest of the Gang of Four (Jiang Qing - Mao's last wife - , Jiang Chunqiao, Yao Wenyuan, and Wang Hongwen) as "major counter-revolutionary forces," marking the end of the Cultural Revolution.
1979: Washington, DC - Pope John Paul II becomes the first Pope to visit the White House.
1981: Cairo - Members of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad, under a fatwa obtained from Sheikh Omar Abdel-Rahman (who would later be convicted for his role in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing), assassinate Egyptian President Anwar Sadat.

1820: Jenny Lind, soprano, whom P.T. Barnum would exhibit as "The Swedish Nightingale."
1846: George Westinghouse, engineer, founded Westinghouse Air Brake Company.
1866: Reginald Fessenden, inventor of the radiotelephone.
1887: Le Corbusier, architect.
1908: Carole Lombard, who was Helen Hathaway, Mildred Plotka, and Irene Bullock.
1914: Thor Heyerdahl, ethnographer, adventurer, and writer (Kon-Tiki, Apu-Apu).
1942: Britt Ekland, who was Rachel Schpitendavel, Willow, and Goodnight.
1950: David Brin, writer (Startide Rising, The Practice Effect).
1965: Peg O'Connor, Wittgensteinian feminist.

5th October 2016

6:40am: Fast of Gdalia
plus, bonus! World Teachers Day.

869: Constantinople (not Istambul) - The Fourth Council of Constantinople is convened. This Council will depose Patriarch Photius of Constantinople, who challenged the authority of the Pope. However, the Eastern Church considers this council invalid, and held its own Fourth Council of Constantinople ten years later; the Eastern Church reveres Photius as a Saint.
1582: Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain - This day does not exist in these countries because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar.
1789: Versailles, France - A mob of 7000 women march on the Palace, seeking Queen Marie Antoinette for her ignorant and dismissive attitude towards hunger amongst the commons. They kill two of her bodyguard, but she escapes, emerging later on a balcony: amazingly, the musket-bearing women do not kill her. The mob demanded that the bread hoarded in the palace be distributed, that the King sanction the August Decrees (which ended feudalism) and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen; and that he accompany them to Paris to see how his subjects lived. He and the Queen were then prisoners of "the people" until their executions in 1791.
1793: Paris - Christianity is disestablished as the State religion of France.
1813: Near Chatham, ON - In the Battle of the Thames, William Henry Harrison defeats British and Shawnee forces, killing Tecumseh.
1857: Anaheim, CA - is founded by German families. The name comes from the Santa Ana river plus the German suffix "-heim," home: thus "a home by the Ana."
1877: Near present-day Chinook, MT - Hinmatóowyalahtq̓it ("Chief Joseph") surrenders to General Nelson A. Miles. Though it is attributed to him, he probably did not say "I will fight no more forever."
1905: Huffman Prairie, OH - Wilbur Wright makes a circling flight totaling 24 miles in 39 minutes 23 seconds, longer than all the flights the Brothers had made in 1903 and '04. This record will stand for three years.
1921: New York - The World Series (the first "Subway Series" featuring the New York Giants and Yankees [in their first Series appearance]) is the first ever to be broadcast on radio. With an injured Babe Ruth mostly out of action, the Yankees lose the series, 3 games to 5.
1944: France - Women receive the vote.
1945: Hollywood, CA - After six months' striking against various studios, 300 members of the Conference of Studio Unions gather to picket at the main gate of Warner Brothers. Cars full of scab workers were stopped and overturned. Reinforcements brought the strikers to roughly 1000 people, while Glendale, Los Angeles, and Burbank police, with Warner Security, attempted to keep the peace. When another wave of scabs showed up, a riot broke out, with over 40 injuries. This is known as "Hollywood Black (or Bloody) Friday," and contributed directly to the downfall of the CSU and the passage of the abominable Taft-Hartley Act.
1947: Washington, DC - President Harry Truman gives the first ever televised White House address.
1955: Anaheim, CA - Opening of the Disneyland Hotel.
1962: London, England - Premiere of Dr. No, the first (official) James Bond film; there had been a sort-of telefilm of Casino Royale in 1954.
1962: England - Release of the Beatles' first single, "Love Me Do," backed with "P.S. I Love You."
1962: Due to the two events above, the "Sixties" can be meaningfully said to start on this day (and continue till either Nixon's resignation in 1973 or the fall of Saigon in 1975, take your pick...)
1966: Frenchtown Charter Township, MI - Fermi 1, a prototype "fast breeder" reactor, suffers a partial meltdown. No radioactive material is released.
1968: Derry, Northern Ireland - The Government bans a civil rights march. The marchers defy the ban and are beaten "indiscriminately and without provocation" by baton-wielding police. This nominally marks the beginning of "The Troubles."
1969: United Kingdom - The first episode of Monty Python's Flying Circus airs on BBC One, concluding with the "Funniest Joke in the World" sketch.
1970: United States - First airing of the Public Broadcasting System (PBS), which replaces National Educational Television (NET).
1982: Nationwide - In response to seven deaths due to cyanide-laced Tylenol in Chicago, Johnson and Johnson recalls all products in the Tylenol line.
1986: London - The Sunday Times announces what pretty much everybody already knew, that Israel had a stockpile of nuclear weapons.

1703: Jonathan Edwards, pastor, famous for his "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" sermon.
1713: Denis Diderot, writer, critic, and Encyclopédist.
1728: Charles-Geneviève-Louis-Auguste-André-Timothée d'Éon de Beaumont, the Chevalier d'Éon, crossdressing spy.
1829: Chester A. Arthur, President of the United States.
1882: Robert H. Goddard, inentor of the multi-stage rocket and the liquid-fueled rocket.
1902: Louis "Larry Fine" Feinberg, the Middle Stooge.
1902: Ray A. Kroc, creator of McDonald's as we know it.
1907: "Mrs. Miller," singer, whose vibrato-laden voice was compared to "roaches scurrying across a trash can lid," but who cracked the Billboard Hot 100 with her rendition (if that is the right word) of "Downtown."
1916: Stetson Kennedy, who infiltrated the KKK and lived to tell the tale.
1922: Bil Keane, cartoonist (The Family Circus).
1923: Glynis Johns, who was Mrs. Banks.
1928: Louise Fitzhugh, writer (Harriet the Spy).
1938: Teresa Heinz Kerry, ketchup heiress and philanthropist.
1950: Jeff Conaway, who was Zack Allan.
1951: Karen Allen, who was Marian Ravenwood.
1952: Clive Barker, writer (The Books of Blood, Arabat).
1958: Neil deGrasse Tyson, astrophysicist and cosmologist.

4th October 2016

7:17am: Feast of St. Francis of Assisi/World Animal Day
...and the beginning of World Space Week.

1535: Wurms, Germany(?) - Publication of the Coverdale Bible. Translated by William Tyndale and, after his execution for heresy, Miles Coverdale, this was the first printed Bible in the English language.
1883: Paris to Istanbul - First run of the train Orient Express. A train had run on this route for a while, but its terminus was Vienna.
1927: Black Hills, SD - Gutzon Borglum begins sculpting Mount Rushmore.
1941: Indianapolis and elsewhere: The Saturday Evening Post cover is Wilie Gillis: Food Package, the first of eleven "Willie Gillis" covers Norman Rockwell will paint for the Post. Gillis is a private and thus an "everyman" in World War II and shortly after.
1957: Baikonur, USSR - Launch of Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth, and the beginning of the Space Race as a practical thing.
1965: New York, NY - Pope Paul VI becomes the first Pope to visit the Americas.
1985: Boston, MA - Founding of the Free Software Foundation, now host of GNU and the GNU General Public License.
2004: Mojave Desert and SPACE - SpaceShip One wins the Ansari X Prize by reaching 100km altitude for the second time in two weeks.
2006: (?) - Julian Assange registers the wikileaks.org domain.

1515: Lucas Cranach the Younger, painter.
1542: St. Robert Bellarmine, who cautioned Galileo, and provided a document acknowledging that Galileo had not been forced to abjure and do penance (he had not at this point).
1626: Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of Great Britain.
1822: Rutherford B. Hayes, American President.
1861: Frederic Remington, painter and sculptor.
1862: Edward Stratemeyer, publisher, creator of the Hardy Boys, Nancy Drew, Tom Swift, Bobbsey Twins, Bomba the Jungle Boy, Rover Boys, and other series.
1880: Damon Runyon, writer ("Little Miss Marker", "The Idyll of Miss Sarah Brown").
1892: Robert Lawson, writer-illustrator (Ben and Me, Rabbit Hill).
1895: Buster Keaton, who was Erroneus, Lonesome Polecat, and a variety of Elmers.
1923: Charlton Heston, who was Moses, Judah Ben-Hur, George Taylor, Robert Neville...
1924: Donald J. Sobol, writer (The "Encyclopedia Brown" series).
1928: Alvin Toffler, writer (Future Shock).
1941: Roy Blount, Jr., writer (I Am Puppy, Hear Me Yap, One Fell Soup).
1941: Anne Rice, writer (Interview with the Vampire, The Mummy: or, Ramses the Damned).
1943: H. Rap Brown, activist.
1946: Susan Sarandon, who was Janet Weiss, Louise Sawyer, Marmee, and Sister Helen.
1956: Christoph Waltz, who was SS-Standartenführer Hans Landa and Dr. King Schultz.

3rd October 2016

1:07pm: Seen: Star Trek Beyond (2016)
After Into Darkness I was prepared to not like this one. Indeed, I wanted to not like this one.

I did like it.

New Universe Enterprise is about halfway through its five-year mission and is taking crew R&R at Starbase Yorktown, when an escape pod enters Yorktown space. An unknown alien in distress, Kalara, claims her ship was wrecked in an uncharted nebula and pleads for help to rescue her crew.

Enterprise is sent to respond Kalara's plea, and is quickly destroyed, with most of the crew escaping in pods of their own. It turns out that the big E is carrying the MacGuffin that will give the chief bad guy, Krall, control of a Terrifying Ancient Alien Weapon. Plot happens, and things are resolved satisfactorily.

Then four slow notes sound, and the familiar "Space ... the final frontier" speech begins. But it isn't spoken by Kirk, or Spock, or any individual: the whole crew takes turns. This brought something of a tear to my eye.

Yes, it's another damn Star Trek As Action-Adventure film, where things go fast and blow up. But I'm used to that now, and at least the script mostly made sense this time. I blame Simon "Scotty" Pegg for that, just as I blame Abrams for the parts where it doesn't. It has genuinely funny and unexpected "moments," some really good McCoy-Spock interaction, and in general is much more Trek-like than the last one.
6:27am: Islamic New Year
42 BC: Philippi, Greece - Brutus and Cassius are sort-of defeated by Marc Antony and Octavian. Cassius commits suicide; Brutus lives to fight another day - upon which he will be utterly defeated and commit suicide also.
1283: Shrewsbury, England - Dafydd ap Gruffydd, Prince of Wales, is hanged, drawn, and quartered for treason against King Edward I of England. He is the first nobleman known to have been executed in this manner.
1712: Scotland - James Graham, 1st Duke and 4th Marquess of Montrose, issues a warrant for the arrest of Robert Roy ("Rob Roy") MacGregor.
1789: New York, NY - President George Washington declares 26 November of this year to be the first Thanksgiving designated by the Constitutional government.
1849: Baltimore, MD - Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter. He will die four days later without becoming coherent.
1863: Washington, DC - President Abraham Lincoln declares the fourth Thursday in November to be Thanksgiving.
1873: Fort Klamath, OR - War leader Kintpuash (known to white troops as "Captain Jack") is tried and hung for his part in the Modoc war. Very little pretense of a fair trial is made: Kintpuash is not granted a lawyer, and they build the gallows outside the courtroom even as the trial is taking place. The key prosecution witness is a Modoc warrior named Hooker Jim. Kintpuash's last words: "You white people did not conquer me. My own men did."
1942: Peenemünde, Germany - A V2/A4 rocket designed by Wernher von Braun is the first manmade object to reach space.
1949: Atlanta, GA - WERD, the first African-American-owned radio station in the United States, opens for business.
1957: San Francisco California - Judge Clayton Horn of the California State Superior Court rules that Allen Ginsberg's book Howl and Other Poems is not obscene.
1962: Cape Canaveral, FL - Launch of Sigma 7, the sixth Mercury misison, carrying astronaut Wally Schirra on six orbits.
1985: Cape Canaveral, FL - Launch of STS-51-J, the maiden flight of Atlantis. Its cargo is a classified Department of Defense package.
1990: Germany - The German Democratic Republic (DDR) formally ceases to exist and is absorbed into the Federal Republic of Germany. October 3 is now celebrated as German Unity Day.
1995: Los Angeles, CA - O.J. Simpson is acquitted of the murders of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman.
2003: Las Vegas, NV - During their nightly act, Roy Horn of Siegfried and Roy is mauled by one of their tigers.
2008: Washington, DC - President George W. Bush signs the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, less formally known as the Bank Bailout.

85 BC (or earlier) - Gaius Cassius Longinus, Cassius of "Brutus and Cassius."
1790: Koo-wi-s-gu-wi ("Little White Bird"), a/k/a John Ross, who led the Cherokee "Nation Party" on the "Trail of Tears" and attempted (unsuccessfully) to reunify the Cherokee in Indian Territory.
1885: Sophie Treadwell, playwright (Machinal, Highway).
1900: Thomas Wolfe, writer (Look Homeward, Angel, You Can't Go Home Again).
1916: James Herriot, veterinarian and writer (All Creatures Great and Small).
1924: Harvey Kurtzman, editor of Mad magazine.
1925: Gore Vidal, writer (Burr, Kalki).
1936: Steve Reich, composer (Piano Phase).
1938: Eddie Cochran, singer-songwriter ("Summertime Blues", "C'mon Everybody", "Twenty Flight Rock").
1941: Chubby Checker, singer-songwriter ("The Twist" and others), first and only artist to place 5 albums in the Top 12 at once.
1944: Roy Horn, magician, of Siegfried and Roy.
1947: John Perry Barlow, lyricist for the Grateful Dead, co-founder of the Electronic Frontier Foundation.
1949: Lindsay Buckingham, singer-songwriter and guitarist (Fleetwood Mac).
1954: Al Sharpton, minister and activist.
1967: Rob Liefeld, comix writer-artist (The New Mutants, Youngblood).
1975: india.arie, singer-songwriter ("Video").

2nd October 2016

11:49am: International Day of Non-Violence
1187: Palestine - Saladin captures Jerusalem.
1528: England - William Tyndale publishes The Obedience of a Christian Man.
1789: New York, NY - George Washington sends twelve proposed Constitutional Amendments, ten of which will be ratified and known as the Bill of Rights, to the States.
1925: Hastings, England - John Logie Baird demonstrates the first working (mechanical!) television.
1928: Madrid, Spain - Saint Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer has the vision that leads to the founding of the Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God (Opus Dei).
1937: Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic - Rafael Trujillo orders the slaughter of 20,000 Haitians living in the Domincian borderlands.
1950: Nine US cities - The first Peanuts strip, by Charles M. Schulz, appears in newspapers.
1959: CBS-TV, US - The premiere episode ("Where Is Everybody?") of The Twilight Zone appears.
1980: Washington, DC - Congresscritter Mike Myers is expelled for his involvement in Abscam.
1996: Washington, DC - President William Clinton signs the Electronic Freedom of Information Amendments.
2002: Washington, DC and environs - the "Beltway Sniper" shootings begin.
2006: Nickel Mines, PA - Charles Carl Roberts shoots and kills five girls at an Amish school, then suicides.

1452: Richard III of England.
1800: Nat Turner, rebel slave.
1869: Mahatma Gandhi.
1879: Wallace Stevens, poet.
1890: Julius Groucho Marx, comedian/actor.
1897: Bud Abbot, comedian/actor.
1904: Graham Greene, writer (Our Man in Havana, The End of the Affair).
1911: Jack Finney, writer (The Body Snatchers, Time and Again).
1915: Chuck Williams, founded Williams-Sonoma.
1938: Rex Reed, film critic.
1944: Vernor Vinge, writer (Grimm's World, A Fire Upon the Deep).
1945: Don McLean, singer-songwriter ("American Pie").
1948: Avery Brooks, who was Commander Sisko.
1948: Persi Khambatta, who was Lt. Ilia.
1949: Annie Leibovitz, photographer.
1950: Mike Rutherford, bassist-songwriter (Genesis, Mike and the Mechanics).
1951: Sting, bassist-singer-songwriter.

1st October 2016

8:29pm: Seen: The Devil's Carnival (2012)
Three people die and find themselves in a very strange carnival - well, of course it's strange, it's Hell, as envisioned by writer Terrance Zdunich (who plays Lucifer) and director Darren Lynn Bousman. Each of them has a different experience: two of them are killed (though already dead), presumably to become players in the Carnival; the third ... well, that would be telling, but it is worth noting that he's the only one of the three who seems to care about anything but his own gratification: he's searching for his son Danny.

Who, it appears, is listening to Aesop's Fables as told by Lucifer. Which strangely reflect the fates of the three dead people.

The carnival is populated by players like the Painted Doll, the Twin, and the Scorpion, each of which is truly frightening in his or her own very different way.

The esthetic of the film is, perhaps, conveyed in Lucifer's line: "I'm not in the business of murdering innocent children. That's God's jurisdiction."

And, I should mention ... it's a musical.

IMDB estimates the budget as half a million dollars, and every penny is clearly on the screen. The only actor I've ever heard of is Paul Sorvino, who plays God.

The biggest downside is the soundtrack. The music is good enough, in a very dark and Brechtian way, but it's hard to hear the lyrics - a production problem that should have been solved before release. But it doesn't make anything really incomprehensible, so I can recommend this to anyone who likes not-particularly-gory horror.
8:17pm: Seen: Jodorowsky's Dune (2013)
In the mid-1970s, Chilean avant-garde filmmaker Alejandro Jodorowsky set out to make a film of Frank Herbert's Dune.

Well, sort of.

His grand vision for the film began with a zoom-in from infinite space on a pirate spaceship attacking a spice freighter, and ended with Paul dying and becoming universal, or the Universe, or everyone, or something. Oh, and the spice was a blue sponge, and Duke Leto was a eunuch...

Hey, it was the '70s, and there were probably drugs involved.

What was definitely involved was an amazing crew and cast.

Design work by Chris Foss (who did a complete, multi-hundred page, storyboard), H.R. Giger, and Jean "Moebius" Giraud. Planned special effects by Dan O'Bannon.

(By the way, if that sounds like a familiar list...all four of them worked on Alien. Just sayin'.)

Pink Floyd had agreed to do music.

Cast? He had arranged for Orson Welles to play the Baron Harkonnen, and Salvador Dali as the Emperor. He had Mick Jagger as Feyd-Rautha. And he put his son through a year of intense martial arts training to be Paul.

But, after all this development work, not a studio in Hollywood would touch it.

I probably would have hated this movie had it been made. But the story of Jodorowsky's vision and his failure are fascinating, and well told by this documentary.
4:51pm: Read: Getting things Done, by David Allen (2016-54)
It's a self help book, I guess, but it feels more like a business book. Mostly, it's about organizing the stuff in your life so that you are more in control of it, and accomplish more.

I've gotten some benefit from it already, enough so that I bought my own copy for review (this was a borrowed book). The simplest piece of advice it gives - and one that has been amazingly useful to me - is the "two minute rule." It's obvious enough in retrospective: when handling a new task/piece of input/whatever, if it will take you less than two minutes to do, just do it.

The basic concept of Getting Things Done is to get things (tasks, ideas, projects, etc.) out of your head and into some sort of "external brain," be it a set of paper lists, an electronic filing system, or whatever. Divide them into tasks (actual physical actions), projects (anything that takes more than one physical action), and someday/maybe things. Then for the projects, decide what the next action is - that's a real physical action - and put it on a next-actions list.

The idea behind this is that your brain is better at thinking about things than at remembering them (other than rote memorization). Things that you know you have to deal with cause stress and anxiety, but if you put them where you know you won't forget them, you can forget _about_ them until you actually deal with them - you won't have the nagging feeling of guilt that you haven't dealt with "that" yet if you have a physical plan for dealing with it.

It takes a fair amount of implementing, and I certainly haven't done it yet, but I'm going to give it a try.
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